Upon graduating from UMPRUM at the studio of František Kysela, Hudeček was unable to further pursue his studies at the Prague Academy for financial reasons, however, his artistic style developed throughcontact with Toyen and Štyrský, and he also took part in exhibitions at the Theatre of E. F. Burian. From 1941, he regularly joined exhibitions organised by Umělecká beseda (the Czech Artists Forum) as a member of its fine art division. Another important influence on his development as an artist was Skupina 42 (Group 42), a collective founded on the need to newly articulate the unique perception of everyday situations, emotions and experiences by the urban individual in the constricting atmosphere of the Protectorate era. Ideologically, it took departure from the tradition of Czech inter-war art, and it joined Hudeček’s friends and colleagues whom he had known since the 1930s. Besides visual artists (František Gross, František Hudeček, Kamil Lhoták, Jan Kotík, Jan Smetana, Karel Souček, Bohumír Matal, Ladislav Zívr, Miroslav Hák), the group also included poets (Ivan Blatný, Jiřina Hauková, Josef Kainar, Jiří Kolář, Jan Hanč) and cultural theorists (Jindřich Chalupecký, Jiří Kotalík).